Module 8. CUSTOMS REGULATIONS ON VALUABLES
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Under Russian law items older than fifty years are considered part of Russia´s national and cultural heritage. But an object must be more than just old to be called an antique. Antiques of all kinds are highly valued for their beauty, craftsmanship, quality of design and sometimes for their relation to a historical period or to some well-known person.
Cultural valuables include: original hand-made pictures and drawings; sculptures, icons, engravings; handicrafts; ancient books and manuscripts; photo-, audio- and video- archives; unique and rare musical instruments, furniture, rugs; post stamps; various kinds of metal ware, orders, medals, coins; etc. Modern items and items of mass production are not related to cultural valuables.
Export and import of cultural valuables are regulated and controlled by the state bodies. Exported cultural valuables are subject to special registration in the order established by the Federal Customs Service and the Culture Ministry which keep the State Protection Lists and Registers.
There is a standard procedure for individuals who want to take cultural valuables out of the country. The owner must apply to the Culture Ministry for permission and present the proof of ownership for the valuable item. It can be a receipt from the shop or an auction or an old photo or some other document.
When they receive the necessary documents, the Ministry issues a certificate confirming the right to export cultural valuables. The certificate allows to carry cultural valuables across the customs and state border of the country.
When passing through the customs control a person should declare the valuable item both in his exit and entry declaration forms and it is obligatory to present it for inspection. Undeclared items found during the search are detained and the person may be accused of smuggling.
Cultural valuables in search are subject to arrest for their following return to the legal proprietors.
The author has the right to take out of the Russian Federation any quantity of cultural valuables created by him, no matter whether he is leaving the country temporarily or for permanent residence abroad.
Illegal bringing in and taking out of cultural valuables is considered as smuggling and is to be punished in accordance with the Criminal Code or the legislation of the RF related to administrative violations.
Ex. 1. Переведите следующие слова и словосочетания:
bracelet, frame, medallion, brooch, ornaments, album, statuette, portrait,
silver, candelabrum, vase, teapot, cross, gold, earrings, guitar, icon.
- under Russian law
- national and cultural heritage
- an antique
- original hand-made pictures
- ancient books and manuscripts
- items of mass production
- State Protection Lists
- proof of ownership
- the customs and state border
- cultural valuables in search
- legal proprietor
Ex. 2. Перепишите следующие предложе¬ния в прошедшем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложения от времени главного:
1. My uncle says he has just come back from the Caucasus. 2. He says he has spent a fortnight in the Caucasus. 3. He says it did him a lot of good. 4. He says he feels better now. 5. He says his wife and he spent most of their time on the beach. 6. He says they did a lot of sightseeing. 7. He says he has a good camera. 8. He says he took many photographs while travelling in the Caucasus. 9. He says he will come to see us next Sunday. 10. He says he will bring and show us the photographs he took during his stay in the Caucasus.
Ex. 3. Перепишите следующие предложе¬ния в прошедшем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополни-тельного предложения от времени главного:
1. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St. Petersburg from the United States of America.
2. He says they have not been here for a long time. 3. He says they were friends at school. 4. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 5. They say they will write me a letter when they return home. 6. Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 7. He says they have made good progress in English. 8. Oleg says that in a day or two sever¬al English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act as inter¬preter. 9. Ann says she has just met Boris in the street. 10. She says Boris told her a lot of interest¬ing things about his travels in the south.
Ex. 4. Раскройте скобки, выбирая требую¬щееся время глагола:
1. Не said he (is staying, was staying) at the "Ritz" Hotel. 2. They realized that they (lost, had lost) their way in the dark. 3. He asked me where I (study, studied). 4. I thought that I (shall finish, should finish) my work at that time. 5 He says he (works, worked) at school two years ago. 6. Victor said he (is, was) very busy. 8. My friend asked me who (is playing, was playing) the piano in the sit¬ting-room. 9. He said he (will come, would come) to the station to see me off. 10. I was sure he (posted, had posted) the letter. 11. I think the weather (will be, would be) fine next week. I hope it (will not change, would not change) for the worse. 12. I knew that he (is, was) a very clever man. 13.1 want to know what he (has bought, had bought) for her birthday. 14. I asked my sister to tell me what she (has seen, had seen) at the museum.
Ex. 5. Выберите правильный вариант:
Greg said that ... a new job.
• he will need
• he needed
• would he need
Tim complained that he ... at four o’clock in the morning.
• is working
• will be working
• was working
He said that he ... that film.
• had already seen
• has already seen
• was seen
Anna explained to me that the hairdresser’s ... down the road.
• is located
• was located
Charles said that he ... me the following day.
• would have called
• will call
• would call
Bill asked me what ... for dinner the day before.
• I have made
• I had made
• had I made
He said that If I ... Kathrin, she ... me.
• ask / will help
• have asked / would help
• asked / would help
I was worried if ... enough space to buy a new TV set to my room.
• I would have
• would I have
• I will have
Alex wondered if ... for the weekend at his place.
• his sister will stay
• his sister was going to stay
• his sister is going to stay
I wasn’t sure if my purchases ... or not and I didn’t know whom to ask about it.
• had been delivered
• will be delivered
Ben asked him whether he ... a motorcycle.
• could ride
• can ride
• will ride
The police officer ... the car.
• orders to stopped
• would order stopping
• ordered him to stop
Pam asked him why he ... his job.
• wanted to leaving
• wants to leave
• wanted to leave
He said the bus ... a little late that day.
• will be
• might be
• can be
Pam ... to the cinema.
• suggested going
• suggests to go
• suggested to go
It was very late, so I ... to bed.
• say I am going
• said I go
• said I was going
He said the fire ... a lot of damage to the building.
• had been doing
• will do
• had done
Simon was wrong when he said that Andrew ... to his new apartment the next day.
• would have moved
• would be moving
She told him that he ... harder.
• should study
• will study
• can study
He said that if he ... so quickly, the accident ... even worse.
• had acted / would be
• had been acting / would be
• hadn’t acted / would have been